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How to distinguish the types of mountain bikes XC, Trail, AM, DH, FR

2018-03-02 14:24:00

When many riders choose mountain bikes, they tend to look at a lot of car categories and feel very confused. XC, AM, DH. What is it? What's the difference? Why do different brands classify their products into different functions when classifying similar products? This is often a puzzle for many players. So today, we will give you a detailed introduction of how to distinguish these types of mountain bikes The current mountain bikes, from the popular trend of the past 10 years, the more mainstream classification is mainly: XC, Trail, AM, DH,FR these five categories. And from these five big categories, there are a number of small branches. The main reason for this is the creation of special gameplay (such as SS and ExtremeFR) for specific terrain. Let's get right to the point. First of all, introduce the various types of vehicles: 1)XC=CrossCountry racing vehicles, a very competitive type of vehicles, the world's main mountain bike races are also based on XC. From the riding environment, it may be 80% uphill and flat, and downhill is only a transition for XC. It is not the direction that this level of species is mainly aimed at. In terms of equipment, the front fork travel is about 80-100mm, and the frame is mainly hard frame, which is more complicated and has any grade. At present, there are relatively few soft frame XC, and competitive models are also concentrated in some European and American brands. The biggest feature of this type of bike is the riding intensity, which is very demanding. 2)Trail forest road vehicle, which is also the most commonly referred to mountain bike through the vehicle, may be more amateur riders riding, not particularly considering the competitive. This is probably the most popular type of car in practice. The riding environment is actually similar to the XC. It may be 70% uphill, and the proportion and difficulty of downhill may reach about 30%. On the equipment, the front fork travel of the Trail model should generally be 100-120, and the frame is either a hard frame or a soft frame with a travel of 4-4.5 inches. The biggest feature of this type of car is the riding intensity and technical requirements are relatively low, players can enjoy more fun riding. 3)AM=AllMountain all-terrain bike, playing this requires the rider to have a certain amount of physical strength and technology. Since it is all-terrain, it is thought that its riding environment may be uphill, flat, downhill accounted for 1/3. The physical demands of going uphill, the handling of going downhill, and the skill of navigating obstacles all require some mastery. In terms of equipment, the front fork is generally adjustable at 120-150, and the frame is basically a soft frame with a stroke of 5-6 inches. (Today it is basically fixed at 5.5 to 6 inches) Hard racks are available, but very few. Only SantaCruz Chameleon is easily available in China. AM players can be said to be truly enjoy the mountain bike players, they will challenge a variety of unknown difficult terrain. Of course, they can also enjoy the most beautiful scenery of nature. 3.5)EN=Enduro EN is an enhanced version of AM, which can simply be said to be a high-intensity AM. The proportion of downhill will exceed that of uphill. Uphill + flat road may be about 40, while downhill road may be 60%. In terms of equipment, the front fork can be adjusted for 120-160mm, and the frame is mainly a soft frame of 6-6.6 inches. Players at this level can already play high-speed downhills and small height drops. 4)DH=Downhill As you can see from the literal meaning, this is a pure downhill car. Probably only about 10% of the flat road +90% of the downhill, there will be almost no uphill. Roads are generally natural mountain descent + artificial repair. This is a pure pursuit of speed play, for the driver's control technology has the highest requirements, the slightest mistake will make your results fall. DH equipment specifications are relatively uniform at present: the front fork travel is generally 200mm, the frame travel is more than 8 inches, and the central shaft specification is 83mm; Rear axle size 150*12mm. This is for strength, and it is relatively convenient for users to buy parts. 5)FR=Freeride free riding does not pay attention to speed, pure pursuit of technical play, the riding environment contains 70-80% of the downhill and a small amount of flat roads and uphill. There are many such roads on the mountain roads of Vancouver NorthShore and Whistler in Canada, and the demands on technique and handling are extremely high, especially the balance of the driver, which is more evident on those single-foot Bridges. In terms of equipment, the front fork is mainly 160 or 180 travel. The frame travel is generally between 6.5-9 inches (yes, you read that right, 9 inches). Players want to play with skill and guts and take some exciting routes. It should also be mentioned here that the famous RedBull fall is actually FR rather than DH, because it is scored by judges rather than by time. In foreign data, Red Bull fall is generally defined as ExtremeFreeride extreme free riding. FR is a method of riding that originated in Canada more than 10 years ago, free riding, where you want to ride, how you want to ride. Technology first, speed second. After years of evolution, it is currently subdivided into several more specific categories: 5.1)DJ=DirtJump This play is very popular among young people. The requirements for the site are simple, only a vacant lot is needed, and some dirt is piled into a cone or trapezoidal mound. Take off along the incline, fly into the air and land on the slope on the other side. You can do all kinds of fancy movements in the air. The feeling is very dazzling, very exciting, but also very happy. This kind of car does not require high equipment, a relatively strong frame; A relatively strong front fork with a stroke of 80-100mm; Simple transmission mechanism; A rear brake or even no brakes will do. 5.2)4X=FourCross FourCross Racing Four players set out together and compete together in the artificially constructed field containing various obstacles. The first one to reach the finish line wins. This is the hottest and most exciting mountain bike of all. Reasonable body collisions between competitors are allowed, and rollover accidents are common during the race. Definitely an exciting choice. The track is a man-made field, with various obstacles such as turning walls and earth slopes. The equipment is very close to the slope car. Hard frame or about 3.5 inches of special 4X soft frame; 100mm front fork; Responsive speed changes and drives; Of course, a chain guard is necessary; The technical requirements of the 4X competition are also quite excellent. It requires the control of DH players, but also has a very strong explosive power, but also needs superior jumping technology. Unfortunately, there are very few professional venues and competitions for players to participate in. 5.3) ST=Street/Urban Street car Most players will play in the city streets or on the street, playing this kind of venue has almost no requirements, a small open space, an empty road can let street players play themselves. Simple movements such as BunnyHop, Wheelie, Manual, NoseManual, and 360 turn (360) can allow riders to play for an afternoon. The equipment is similar to DJ, a solid street car frame, an 80-100mm front fork, a good set of brakes (maybe only rear brakes, or even no brakes), and a single speed transmission is enough. 5.4) SS=SlopeStyle Fancy downhill in recent years, a new popular freestyle play, somewhat similar to the fly bag. But the bulldozer needs to pile up a lot of huge dirt bags on the sloping hillside, as well as a variety of skill obstacles, and the players use the terrain to jump in the air to complete a variety of stunts. Because this kind of play needs the support of terrain too much, so this kind of play in, basically can only watch videos or photos. Equipment is usually used 160mm front fork and about 6.5 inch frame. The people who play it are basically crazy (you know). Basically, the mainstream categories in the field of mountain bikes have been introduced. After reading this, beware that the reader has a general understanding of the various types of mountain bikes. Readers can try and choose the kind they like according to their actual situation. Play car, the most important thing is to ride a bike, I hope you readers into the happy mountain cycling activities to go.